Traumas are events in which a person has the feeling that he or she may die or be seriously injured or harmed, or events in which he or she witnesses such things happening to others or sees their effects. When they are happening, traumas often create feelings of intense fear, helplessness, or horror for those who experience them. In the days and weeks that follow, they often create longer-lasting stress reactions that can be surprising, distressing, and difficult to understand. By understanding their traumatic stress re-actions better, people can become less fearful of them and better able to cope with them. While reviewing the list of effects of trauma below, keep in mind several facts about trauma and its effects:
happening is that they are experiencing a set of common symptoms and problems that are connected with trauma.
Traumatic conflict experiences may cause many of the following kinds of (often temporary) :
This is a National Centre for PTSD fact sheet developed by Julia M. Whealin, Ph.D. PoMA has adapted this fact sheet for Afghanistan.